Sorting swift array

We can easily sort a swift array using two provided function

  • array.sort
  • array.sorted

We will see both array.sort() and array.sorted() in action and will understand how they differ from each other in a subtle way, while sorting a swift array in place and returning a sorted copy of the swift array.

Example code for the playground for the swift array

The example code given below defines a student struct and creates an array of students which we will sort.

struct Student {
    var name:String
    var age:Int
}

var students = [
   Student(name: "A", age: 20),
   Student(name: "B", age: 10),
   Student(name: "C", age: 12),
   Student(name: "D", age: 8),
   Student(name: "E", age: 23),
   Student(name: "F", age: 29),
   Student(name: "G", age: 30),
   Student(name: "H", age: 11)
]

As you can see the array contains students with their age in random order.

Returning a sorted swift array

First, we will sort the student array and return its copy, without actually sorting the students array. We will use array.sorted()

let arry = students.sorted {
    return $0.age < $1.age
}

No print the array

arry.forEach{
    print("\($0.name)======\($0.age)")
}

The output will be students sorted by their age.

// student sorted by age
D======8
B======10
H======11
C======12
A======20
E======23
F======29
G======30

But if we go and print the original students array. We will see that the order is still the same as at the time of creation. So array.sorted() has not actually sorted the students array but has returned a sorted copy

students.forEach{
    print("\($0.name)======\($0.age)")
}

//output
A======20
B======10
C======12
D======8
E======23
F======29
G======30
H======11

Sorting a swift array in place

This time we will sort the swift array in place which means the content of the original students array will be sorted. we will use array.sort() function.

// sort students array
students.sort {
    return $0.age < $1.age
}

print students array
students.forEach{
    print("\($0.name)======\($0.age)")
}

Now this time the contents of students array has been sorted

D======8
B======10
H======11
C======12
A======20
E======23
F======29
G======30

Hope this helps !!!!

A pat on the back !!

NEED A JOB? NEED TO HIRE? NEED HELP?

Join group of Software Professionals

iOS DEVELOPER’S DEN